Keratoconus is a progressive eye condition where the cornea thins and protrudes in an abnormal shape. Because the cornea allows light to enter the eye to focus, keratoconus often creates unclear vision as the light does not bend properly when it enters the misshaped cornea.
Keratoconus most often affects young people, with symptoms sometimes appearing as young as the early teenage years.
What are the Symptoms of Keratoconus?
Keratoconus is most often found in younger people, and symptoms can start during the early teen years. Symptoms of keratoconus often progress rapidly for the first 10 to 20 years of the condition.
Keratoconus symptoms include:
- Frequent prescription eyewear changes
- Difficulty driving at night
- Halos and “ghosting,” especially at night
- Eye strain
- Headaches and general eye pain
- Eye irritation and excessive rubbing of the eye
How is Keratoconus Diagnosed?
Keratoconus, especially in the early stages, can be difficult to diagnose and its symptoms can be associated with other eye problems. It can usually be diagnosed with an in-depth eye examination and measurement of the corneal curvature. Your optometrist will look for signs such as corneal thinning, stress lines, and scarring at the apex of the corneal cone.
How is Keratoconus Treated?
Glasses and contact lenses have been the first-line treatments for keratoconus. When the disease progresses and these methods no longer correct vision, surgical options are available. Advanced keratoconus often requires a corneal transplant which is invasive and comes with the risk of rejection and repeat surgeries.
What If I Have Keratoconus?
We are experts in eye care and eye health, and we can help determine if you have keratoconus or another eye condition. Whether you are suffering from keratoconus, allergies, or something else, we have the resources and the knowledge to help you get back to seeing – and living – the life you want to live.